AMD Ryzen 9 5900X vs. Intel i9-10900K: The Ultimate CPU Battle
For our first assessment of Ryzen 5000, we checked out the Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD’s new $800 16-core, 32-thread AM4 processor. In the present day, we’re wantingon the Ryzen 9 5900X, the 12-core, 24-thread CPU that isaccessible for $550. That makes the 5900X ~8% cheaper per core when in comparison with its larger brother as AMD mannequin given it faces no actualcompetitors. The 12-core R9 5900X is priced to compete with Intel’s Core i9-10900Okay. Usually, the 10-core Intel processor would retail for $530, however,because ofprovidingpoints, it sometimes sells for $550 or $600, which suggests the 10900Okay and 5900X are comparable by way ofvalue.
Now we have tolearn how they stack up by way ofefficiency.
The 5950X is a beast, so we’re anticipating good issues from the 5900X which brings down the core rely upon as the onemain change. The clock speeds are a lotidentical, the increased frequency has been lowered by 100 MHz, whereasthe bottom frequency elevated by 300 MHz. As a result ofeach CCDs are nonethelesslively, it packs a complete L3 cache of 64 MB. As soon asonce more, we’re not going to concern ourselves with Zen’s three architectural enhancements on this assessment, slightly we’ll skip that and soar into the benchmarks.
Earlier than we do although, let’s take a fasthave a look atone more new AM4 motherboard. In yesterday’s assessment, we showcased the Asus ROG Crosshair VIII Darkish Hero, and now we’re getting our first have a look at the MSI B550 Unify, a brand new B550 board that features… properly, just aboutevery little thing. The highlights embody a 16-phase VRM utilizing Infineon TDA21490 90An influencephases, a 6-layer PCB with 2oz thickened copper, all-aluminum prolonged heatsinks with devoted VRM Heatpipe, 4 M.2 slots with double-sided M.2 Defend Frozr cooling, and DDR4 A-XMP assist for as much as DDR4-5800.
There’sadditionally a Unify-X model with simply two reminiscence DIMMs. MSI claims the Unify-X can do DDR4-5800 with 4000 G collection processors and DDR4-5300 with Third-gen Ryzen. Whereasthe usual Unify that we’ve can obtain DDR4-5600 with 4000 G-series althoughthey’ve to make any Ryzen 5000 collection claims. Later this month we’ll put collectivelyan in-depth Zen threereminiscenceefficiencyinformation and we’ll use the usual Unify for the majority of our testing. This MSI board is priced at $290, so it’s a Gigabyte B550 Grasp competitor. We’ll return to extra motherboard testing after our slew of Ryzen opinions.
To maintainissueseasy for all our new Ryzen 5000 testing, we’re utilizingthe identical MSI X570 Godlike motherboard together with4 8GB G.Ability TridentZ DDR4-3200 CL14 reminiscence modules for a 32GB capability. Cooling all methods is the Corsair iCUE H150i Elite Capellix AIO. For all of theproductiveness testing, we’re utilizing an RTX 2080 Ti, however for the gaming benchmarks we’ve up to date all our numbers with the RTX 3090, so let’s get into the graphs
First up we’ve Cinebench R20 and wow, 8487 factors are fairly insane. That’s a 17% improvement from the 3900X, making the 5900X simply 8% slower than the 3950X. These are spectacular numbers contemplating the CPU packs 25% fewer cores. When in comparison with the Core i9-10900Okay which is a tough match in value, the brand new 5900X is available in 32% sooner, though it does have 20% extra cores.
Operating the single-core benchmark reveals why the 5900X is a lotsooner than the 10900Okay in Cinebench R20. Right here we’re taking a look at a 16% increase to single-thread efficiency. It’s additionally a 23% enhancement from the 3900X, and with an analogous single-core rating to that of the 5950X, we’re anticipatingrobust gaming efficiency. We additionally watched how the 5900X clocks in every of the Cinebench R20 checks. For the multi-core take a look atthe place all cores are closely loaded, the 5900X clocks at round 4.three GHz. In the meantime, AMD advertises a base clock frequency of three.7 GHz.
Within the Cinebench single-core take a look at, the 5900X sometimes operated at 4.9 GHz, which is 100 MHz over the marketed spec. AMD on thisoccasion has made positive the max increase frequency is just notsolelysimply achieved, howevercould be exceeded to keep away from the drama seen with Zen 2 and its increased clocks. 7-zip appears at compression efficiency and right here the 5900X is 17% sooner when in comparison with its predecessor. It is alsocapable of edge out the 3950X, making it 37% sooner than the 10900Okay.
When decompressing we discover that SMT is extrahelpful and in consequence, the 3950X is ready to pull forward. That mentioned, the 5900X is 8% slower and remains to beprovidinga considerable 18% efficiencyincrease over the 3900X. Because of this, it’s a lotsooner than Intel’s greatest, beating the 10900Okay by a whopping 43% margin. AES encryption efficiency is barely improved with Zen three and that is a spacethe place Zen 2 already excelled. Due to this fact, it’s no shock to see the 5900X dominating the 10900Okay by an enormous 52% margin.
Shifting on to Blender, right here we’re taking a look at a 12% efficiencyincrease for the 5900X over the 3900X and that meant it was 22% sooner than the 10900Okay. When in comparison with the 3950X it was 13% slower after which 18% slower than the 5950X. We discovered when testing the 5950X that the brand new Zen threestructurecompletely shreds in V-Ray, and we’re seeing precisely that with the 12-core mannequin, too. Right here the 5900X mainly matched the older 16-core 3950X and that meant it was 23% sooner than its predecessor and 32% sooner than its main competitor, the 10900Okay, so a little bit of a shellacking there.
The final rendering benchmark we’ve is Corona, the place the 5900X is waysooner than the 3900X, boosting efficiency by 22%, delivering 3950X-like efficiency. That’s a giant gen-on-gen enchancment and it additionally meant the 5900X was 24% sooner than the 10900Okay. For these of you curious about code compilation efficiency we see that the 5900X is simply 9% sooner than the 3900X, so one of many smaller positive factors we’ve seen to date, in actual fact, it is perhaps the smallest. Regardless of that, it managed to beat the 10900Okay by a convincing 26% margin.
DaVinci Resolve Studio 16 utilizing the Puget Techniques Benchmark reallyoffers the weakest positive factors we’ve seen but, the place the 5900X was simply 8% sooner than the 3900X, roughly matching the 3950X. Adobe Premiere Professional 2020 lowers the bar even additional, right here the 5900X was simply 5% sooner than the 3900X whereas it was simply 9% sooner than the 10900Okay. Nonetheless, a 9% efficiencybenefit for roughly the identicalcash is hardly something to sneeze at, definitely given it seems to be a worst-case situation.
The robust single-core efficiencyturns out to be useful when testing with Photoshop, right here the 5900X matched the 5950X and that meant it was 10% sooner than the 10900Okay and a whopping 20% sooner than its predecessor, the 3900X. We’re seeing robustefficiencypositive factors over Zen 2 in After Results, one otherutility that dependsclosely on single-thread efficiency. Right here the 5900X was 15% sooner than the 3900X and 13% sooner than the 10900Okay, nearly matching the 5950X.
For measuring energy consumption we monitored whole system utilization in Blender. The Ryzen 9 5900X matched the abilityutilization of the 3900X, despite the fact that they each use the identical 7nm course of, Zen threeis ready toincreaseefficiency in Blender by 12%. Furthermore, when in comparison with 10900Okay, the 5900X loweredwhole system consumption by 23%. By way of temperatures, the Ryzen 9 3900X and 5900X have beeneachexamined in a 21C room on an open take a look at bench utilizing the Corsair iCUE H150i Elite Capellix AIO on the MSI X570 Godlike, put incontained in the Corsair Obsidian 500D.
We might see that the 5900X runs 7 to eightlevels cooler than the 3900X belowthe identicaltake a look atsituations, regardless ofworking at a barelylarger clock velocityutilizingthe identical 7nm course. A part of this might beall the way down to 7nm maturity, however, AMD has additionally included quite a few architectural optimizations. These enhancements additionallyenable for a barelydecrease Vcore which might have helped to cut backenergy consumption and subsequently thermals.
We now havethe identical battery of gaming checks as yesterday’s 5950X assessmentutilizing a GeForce RTX 3090. Getting inthe identical order, we’ll begin with Far Cry New Daybreak. The 5900X matched the 5950X precisely with 128 fps making it 6% slower than the 10900Okay, however,nonethelessan excellentgeneralconsequence gave the double-digit shareenchancment over the 3900X. The 5900X additionally trails the 10900Okay in Rainbow Six Siege by a small 5% margin. We see the CPU matching the 5950X to offer an 8% increase over the 3900X. This was sufficient to edge out a few of thedecreased core rely upon Intel processors such because the 10700Okay.
In Watch Canine: Legion we see robustefficiency from the 5900X, putting it on par with the 10700Okay and simply 2 fps down on the 10900Okay. That’s additionally a slightlymassive 15% increase over the 3900X, which struggled towards even the Core i5-10400 at this low decision. We’re additionally seeing hugeefficiencypositive factors in F1 2020 because the 5900X is 21% sooner than the 3900X, hitting 272 fps with the RTX 3090. That’s an idealconsequence which has the brand new 12-core Ryzen processor a mere 2% behind the 10900Okay. That isshutsufficient to deem a attract our ebook.
The efficiency uplift in Horizon Zero Daybreak is stable. Right here the 5900X is 15% sooner than the 3900X and crucially is ready to match the 10900Okay, edging it out by a number of frames for what’smainlythe identicalefficiency. Efficiency in Borderlands threeis justbarely improved. The 5900X was simply 5% sooner than the 3900X, although that was sufficient to get it insidevary of the 10900Okay, dropping by only a 4% margin. As seen earlier thanwithin the 5950X assessment, these Zen three processors are beasts in Dying Stranding and the 5900X matched the 16-core mannequinprecisely, making it 12% sooner than the 10900Okay and extremely, 35% sooner than the 3900X.
The 5900X can also becapable of match the 5950X in Shadow of the Tomb Raider, which meansit is 4% sooner than the 10900Okay. A small win that isshutsufficient to name a tie. The brand new processor is thrashing the previous 3900X by a 26% margin on this title. Hitman 2 efficiencycan also bestable. Right here the 5900X couldn’t match the 5950X however was nonetheless 7% sooner than the 10900Okay and 34% sooner than the 3900X. Efficiency in Star Wars: Squadrons is powerful, matching the 10900Okay, although edging it out convincingly for 1% low efficiency. Then we see a 27% efficiencyincrease over the 3900X, taking the typicalbodycharge from 247 fps to 314 fps. The Critical Sam Fouroutcomes look good for Ryzen. The 5900X is 11% sooner than the 10900Okay and a staggering 47% sooner than the 3900X.
Right here’s a have a look atthe typicalefficiencythroughout the 11 video games we examined. For probably the mosthalf, the 5900X matches the 5950X in gaming, so it is no shock to see them eachshipthe identical 214 fps common. This additionallysignifies thatgenerally, the 5900X and 10900Okay are on par in relation to gaming efficiency, a minimum of in our small pattern of video games. On that notice, we’re wantingahead to a 40 recreation head-to-head benchmark with these processors. It is alsospectacular to see a 20% efficiencyimprovement over the 3900X. We all know AMD claimed a 19% IPC enhancement, however seeing that translate into real-world positive factors in video games is one thing else.
Jason is 28-year-old father, husband, and tech enthusiast. Jason covers everything from Geek news to tech world news. In he spare time, if he isn’t asleep, you can find him binge-watching his favorite podcast. Email:[email protected]